Glossary of Select Printing Terms A-N
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Coating in a water base and applied like ink by a printing press to protect and enhance the printing underneath.
Printing that extends to the edge of a sheet or page after trimming.
Category of paper commonly used for writing, printing and photocopying. Also called business paper, communication paper, correspondence paper and writing paper.
General term referring to paper 6 points or thicker with basis weight between 90# and 200# (200-500 gsm). Used for products such as index cards, file folders and displays.
Mechanicals, photographs and art fully prepared for reproduction according to the technical requirements of the printing process being used. Also called finished art and reproduction copy.
Abbreviation for cyan, magenta, yellow and key (black), the four process colors.
Extent to which ink covers the surface of a substrate. Ink coverage is usually expressed as light, medium or heavy.
Lines near the edges of an image indicating portions to be reproduced. Also called cut marks and tic marks.
Device for cutting, scoring, stamping, embossing and debossing.
Page proofs produced through electronic memory transferred onto paper via laser or ink-jet.
Measure of resolution of input devices such as scanners, display devices such as monitors, and output devices such as laser printers, imagesetters and monitors. Abbreviated DPI. Also called dot pitch.
Flat (not glossy) finish on coated paper; slightly smoother than matte. Also called suede finish, velour finish and velvet finish.
To press an image into paper so it lies above the surface. Also called cameo and tool.
Encapsulated Post Script, a known file format usually used to transfer post script information from one program to another. Vector image, made of lines rather than pixels.
Price that states what a job will probably cost. Also called bid, quotation and tender.
Size of product after production is completed, as compared to flat size. Also called trimmed size.
A sheet that folds where both sides fold toward the gutter in overlapping layers.
Consider the light reflecting on various objects in the printing industry (e.g., paper, ink, laminates, UV coating, varnish).
Predominant direction in which fibers in paper become aligned during manufacturing. Also called machine direction. Important information for folding and scoring.
In the book arena, the inside margins toward the back or the binding edges.
Spot or imperfection in printing, most visible in areas of heavy ink coverage, caused by dirt on the plate or blanket. Also called bulls eye and fish eye.
To print new copy on a previously printed sheet, such as imprinting an employee's name on business cards. Also called surprint.
A number assigned to a specific printing project in a printing company for use in tracking and historical record keeping.
Form used by service bureaus, separators and printers to specify production schedule of a job and the materials it needs. Also called docket, production order and work order.
Abbreviation for black in four-color process printing. Hence the 'K' in CMYK.
Two folds creating three panels that allow a sheet of letterhead to fit a business envelope. Also called barrel fold and wrap around fold.
Imprinted space around the edge of the printed material.
Color breaks made on the mechanical using a separate overlay for each color to be printed.
Signatures assembled inside one another in the proper sequence for binding, as compared to gathered. Also called inset.